Difference between revisions of "Live Images"

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(Amended headings, extended Windows section, simplified commands.)
('System requirements' and 'Flavours' are now moved in an introductory position. Installer modes as 'root' and 'anon' moved to Accounts section)
Line 2: Line 2:
  
 
Void provides [[glibc]]-based live images for both i686 and x86_64, as well as [[musl]]-based live images for x86_64-compatible processors.
 
Void provides [[glibc]]-based live images for both i686 and x86_64, as well as [[musl]]-based live images for x86_64-compatible processors.
 
== Writing a live image to an USB drive ==
 
 
Please note that Void Linux ISOs are USB bootable by default, so you just need to write the image to the usb/cd/dvd drive with <code>dd</code>, no special tools are required.
 
 
First, identify your usb's current partition.  At a plain shell prompt:
 
 
sudo fdisk -l
 
 
From the output, you might determine that it is <code>/dev/sdc</code> or otherwise, but for safety's sake, the partition here will appear as <code>/dev/sdx</code>. 
 
 
Other utilities that could help identify the partition for your usb key include [https://wiki.archlinux.org/index.php/GNU_Parted#Command_line_mode Parted](<code>sudo parted -l</code> may display your USB as UFD - USB flash drive), [[wikipedia:GNOME Disks|Disks]] (<code>gnome-disk-utility</code>) and <code>lsblk</code>.
 
 
Then, ensure that that partition is unmounted. Change <code>sdx</code> in the following line to your usb's partition:
 
 
sudo umount /dev/sdx
 
 
Change to the directory where your .iso was downloaded to.  For example:
 
 
cd /home/yourusername/Downloads
 
 
{{Warning|The following instruction will '''destroy data''' on whichever drive is being referred to.  Proceed with caution.}}
 
Change the following line to display the correct image name and correct partition.  Note <code>sdx</code>;  <code>sdb2</code>, <code>sdc1</code>, etc. would be incorrect as they refer to partitions.
 
 
sudo dd bs=4M if=void-live-x86_64-20170220-lxde.iso  of=/dev/sdx  && sync
 
 
=== From Windows ===
 
 
If you must use Windows to write the image and are looking for a GUI based app, [https://sourceforge.net/projects/usbwriter/ USBWriter] is proven to work on [[wikipedia:USB flash drive|pendrives]] (USB sticks) and even SD cards. Most USB writers for Windows that promise to get the job done tend to mangle the data in such a way that the media isn't bootable at all.
 
 
== Accounts ==
 
 
Live images include two accounts:
 
 
{| class="wikitable"
 
|-
 
! Username
 
! Password
 
|-
 
| root
 
| voidlinux
 
|-
 
| anon
 
| voidlinux
 
|}
 
 
The ''anon'' account is a member of the ''wheel'' group, which allows you to run <code>sudo</code> to escalate privileges in order to run administrative commands.
 
  
 
== System requirements ==
 
== System requirements ==
Line 82: Line 35:
  
 
''*Networking is required to download additional packages while using the live image as well as to perform a network-based install''
 
''*Networking is required to download additional packages while using the live image as well as to perform a network-based install''
 
To start the [[Installation|installer]], run <code>void-installer</code> as ''root'' or <code>sudo void-installer</code> as ''anon''.
 
  
 
== Flavours ==
 
== Flavours ==
Line 175: Line 126:
 
* The ''musl'' LXQt image comes with a [https://github.com/voidlinux/void-mklive/issues/120 broken web browser]
 
* The ''musl'' LXQt image comes with a [https://github.com/voidlinux/void-mklive/issues/120 broken web browser]
 
* The ''musl'' Cinnamon image comes with a [https://github.com/voidlinux/void-mklive/issues/104 broken DE] ([https://forum.voidlinux.eu/t/x86-64-iso-musl-cinnamon-segfaults-unable-to-use/2172 forum thread])
 
* The ''musl'' Cinnamon image comes with a [https://github.com/voidlinux/void-mklive/issues/104 broken DE] ([https://forum.voidlinux.eu/t/x86-64-iso-musl-cinnamon-segfaults-unable-to-use/2172 forum thread])
 +
 +
== Writing a live image to an USB drive ==
 +
 +
Please note that Void Linux ISOs are USB bootable by default, so you just need to write the image to the usb/cd/dvd drive with <code>dd</code>, no special tools are required.
 +
 +
First, identify your usb's current partition.  At a plain shell prompt:
 +
 +
sudo fdisk -l
 +
 +
From the output, you might determine that it is <code>/dev/sdc</code> or otherwise, but for safety's sake, the partition here will appear as <code>/dev/sdx</code>. 
 +
 +
Other utilities that could help identify the partition for your usb key include [https://wiki.archlinux.org/index.php/GNU_Parted#Command_line_mode Parted](<code>sudo parted -l</code> may display your USB as UFD - USB flash drive), [[wikipedia:GNOME Disks|Disks]] (<code>gnome-disk-utility</code>) and <code>lsblk</code>.
 +
 +
Then, ensure that that partition is unmounted. Change <code>sdx</code> in the following line to your usb's partition:
 +
 +
sudo umount /dev/sdx
 +
 +
Change to the directory where your .iso was downloaded to.  For example:
 +
 +
cd /home/yourusername/Downloads
 +
 +
{{Warning|The following instruction will '''destroy data''' on whichever drive is being referred to.  Proceed with caution.}}
 +
Change the following line to display the correct image name and correct partition.  Note <code>sdx</code>;  <code>sdb2</code>, <code>sdc1</code>, etc. would be incorrect as they refer to partitions.
 +
 +
sudo dd bs=4M if=void-live-x86_64-20170220-lxde.iso  of=/dev/sdx  && sync
 +
 +
=== From Windows ===
 +
 +
If you must use Windows to write the image and are looking for a GUI based app, [https://sourceforge.net/projects/usbwriter/ USBWriter] is proven to work on [[wikipedia:USB flash drive|pendrives]] (USB sticks) and even SD cards. Most USB writers for Windows that promise to get the job done tend to mangle the data in such a way that the media isn't bootable at all.
 +
 +
== Accounts ==
 +
 +
Live images include two accounts:
 +
 +
{| class="wikitable"
 +
|-
 +
! Username
 +
! Password
 +
|-
 +
| root
 +
| voidlinux
 +
|-
 +
| anon
 +
| voidlinux
 +
|}
 +
 +
The ''anon'' account is a member of the ''wheel'' group, which allows you to run <code>sudo</code> to escalate privileges in order to run administrative commands.
 +
 +
To start the [[Installation|installer]], run <code>void-installer</code> as ''root'' or <code>sudo void-installer</code> as ''anon''.

Revision as of 01:15, 22 August 2017

Void Linux provides live images containing a base set of utilities as well as an installer to install a Void system on your computer. All live images and rootfs tarballs are available here.

Void provides glibc-based live images for both i686 and x86_64, as well as musl-based live images for x86_64-compatible processors.

System requirements

These are the minimum system requirements when using a live image without a bundled Desktop Environment:

Architecture CPU RAM Storage Network
x86_64-glibc EM64T 96MB 350MB Ethernet/Wifi*
x86_64-musl EM64T 96MB 350MB Ethernet/Wifi*
i686-glibc Pentium 4 (SSE2) 96MB 350MB Ethernet/Wifi*

*Networking is required to download additional packages while using the live image as well as to perform a network-based install

Flavours

Additional live images with flavours (an additional desktop environment with autologin) are also available. Here's a quick overview of the main components and applications included with each flavour:

Enlightenment Cinnamon LXDE LXQT MATE XFCE
Window Manager  ? Mutter (Muffin) Openbox Openbox Metacity (Marco) xfwm4
File Manager  ? Nemo PCManFM PCManFM-Qt Caja Thunar
Web browser Firefox ESR Firefox ESR Firefox ESR QupZilla Firefox ESR Firefox ESR
Terminal Terminology gnome-terminal LXTerminal QTerminal MATE terminal xfce4-Terminal
Document viewer - - - - Atril (PS/PDF) -
Plain text viewer - - - - Pluma Mousepad
Image viewer - - GPicView LXImage Eye of MATE Ristretto
Archive unpacker - - - - Engrampa -
Other Mixer, EConnMan (connection manager) LXTask (task manager), MIME type editor Screen grabber Screen grabber, file finder, MATE color picker, MATE font viewer, Disk usage analyzer, Power statistics, System monitor (task manager), Dictionary, Log file viewer Bulk rename, Orage Globaltime, Orage Calendar, Task Manager, Parole Media Player, Audio Mixer, MIME type editor, Application finder

Please note that the system requirements for these graphical live images are higher and will vary depending on which desktop environment you choose. Also, currently some images can be problematic:

Writing a live image to an USB drive

Please note that Void Linux ISOs are USB bootable by default, so you just need to write the image to the usb/cd/dvd drive with dd, no special tools are required.

First, identify your usb's current partition. At a plain shell prompt:

sudo fdisk -l

From the output, you might determine that it is /dev/sdc or otherwise, but for safety's sake, the partition here will appear as /dev/sdx.

Other utilities that could help identify the partition for your usb key include Parted(sudo parted -l may display your USB as UFD - USB flash drive), Disks (gnome-disk-utility) and lsblk.

Then, ensure that that partition is unmounted. Change sdx in the following line to your usb's partition:

sudo umount /dev/sdx

Change to the directory where your .iso was downloaded to. For example:

cd /home/yourusername/Downloads
Warning: The following instruction will destroy data on whichever drive is being referred to. Proceed with caution.

Change the following line to display the correct image name and correct partition. Note sdx; sdb2, sdc1, etc. would be incorrect as they refer to partitions.

sudo dd bs=4M if=void-live-x86_64-20170220-lxde.iso  of=/dev/sdx  && sync

From Windows

If you must use Windows to write the image and are looking for a GUI based app, USBWriter is proven to work on pendrives (USB sticks) and even SD cards. Most USB writers for Windows that promise to get the job done tend to mangle the data in such a way that the media isn't bootable at all.

Accounts

Live images include two accounts:

Username Password
root voidlinux
anon voidlinux

The anon account is a member of the wheel group, which allows you to run sudo to escalate privileges in order to run administrative commands.

To start the installer, run void-installer as root or sudo void-installer as anon.