Difference between revisions of "Live Images"

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(Categorized under installation.)
(Amended 'partition' to 'device name' where applicable; added DVD/CD considerations; amended heading; added standardized code formatting)
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Please note that Void Linux ISOs are USB bootable by default, so you just need to write the image to the usb/cd/dvd drive with <code>dd</code>, no special tools are required.  
 
Please note that Void Linux ISOs are USB bootable by default, so you just need to write the image to the usb/cd/dvd drive with <code>dd</code>, no special tools are required.  
  
First, identify your usb's current partition.  At a plain shell prompt:
+
First, identify your usb's current device name.  At a plain shell prompt:
  
  sudo fdisk -l
+
  $ sudo fdisk -l
  
From the output, you might determine that it is <code>/dev/sdc</code> or otherwise, but for safety's sake, the partition here will appear as <code>/dev/sdx</code>.   
+
From the output, you might determine that the device name is <code>/dev/sdc</code> or otherwise, but for safety's sake, it will appear here as <code>/dev/sdx</code>.   
  
Other utilities that could help identify the partition for your usb key include [https://wiki.archlinux.org/index.php/GNU_Parted#Command_line_mode Parted](<code>sudo parted -l</code> may display your USB as UFD - USB flash drive), [[wikipedia:GNOME Disks|Disks]] (<code>gnome-disk-utility</code>) and <code>lsblk</code>.
+
Other utilities that could help identify the device name for your usb key include [https://wiki.archlinux.org/index.php/GNU_Parted#Command_line_mode Parted](<code>sudo parted -l</code> may display your USB as UFD - USB flash drive), [[wikipedia:GNOME Disks|Disks]] (<code>gnome-disk-utility</code>) and <code>lsblk</code>.
  
Then, ensure that that partition is unmounted. Change <code>sdx</code> in the following line to your usb's partition:
+
Then, ensure that that device is unmounted. Change <code>sdx</code> in the following line to your usb's device name:
  
  sudo umount /dev/sdx
+
  $ sudo umount /dev/sdx
  
 
Change to the directory where your .iso was downloaded to.  For example:  
 
Change to the directory where your .iso was downloaded to.  For example:  
  
  cd /home/yourusername/Downloads
+
  $ cd /home/yourusername/Downloads
  
{{Warning|The following instruction will '''destroy data''' on whichever drive is being referred to.  Proceed with caution.}}
+
{{Warning|The following instruction will '''destroy data''' on whichever device is being referred to.  Proceed with caution.}}
Change the following line to display the correct image name and correct partition.  Note <code>sdx</code>;  <code>sdb2</code>, <code>sdc1</code>, etc. would be incorrect as they refer to partitions.
+
Change the following line to display the correct image name and correct device name.  Note <code>sdx</code>;  <code>sdb2</code>, <code>sdc1</code>, etc. would be incorrect as they refer to partitions.
  
  sudo dd bs=4M if=void-live-x86_64-20170220-lxde.iso  of=/dev/sdx  && sync
+
  $ sudo dd bs=4M if=void-live-x86_64-20170220-lxde.iso  of=/dev/sdx  && sync
  
=== From Windows ===
+
=== From Windows onto a USB device ===
  
 
If you must use Windows to write the image and are looking for a GUI based app, [https://sourceforge.net/projects/usbwriter/ USBWriter] is proven to work on [[wikipedia:USB flash drive|pendrives]] (USB sticks) and even SD cards. Most USB writers for Windows that promise to get the job done tend to mangle the data in such a way that the media isn't bootable at all.
 
If you must use Windows to write the image and are looking for a GUI based app, [https://sourceforge.net/projects/usbwriter/ USBWriter] is proven to work on [[wikipedia:USB flash drive|pendrives]] (USB sticks) and even SD cards. Most USB writers for Windows that promise to get the job done tend to mangle the data in such a way that the media isn't bootable at all.
 +
 +
=== From Linux/BSD/OS X/Windows onto a DVD/CD ===
 +
 +
Disk burning applications may be used to burn the .iso - not copy it as a single file - onto a DVD.  Void Linux's base images may fit on larger CDs (image sizes are described above).  '''Note:''' Response times during live sessions running from DVDs/CDs will be '''markedly''' slower than those running from a USB or hard drive.
 +
 +
From Linux, disk burning applications include [[xfburn]], [[k3b]] and [[brasero]].
  
 
== Accounts ==
 
== Accounts ==

Revision as of 18:55, 24 August 2017

Void Linux provides live images containing a base set of utilities as well as an installer to install a Void system on your computer. All live images and rootfs tarballs are available here.

Void provides glibc-based live images for both i686 and x86_64, as well as musl-based live images for x86_64-compatible processors.

System requirements

These are the minimum system requirements when using a live image without a bundled Desktop Environment:

Architecture CPU RAM Storage Network
x86_64-glibc EM64T 96MB 350MB Ethernet/Wifi*
x86_64-musl EM64T 96MB 350MB Ethernet/Wifi*
i686-glibc Pentium 4 (SSE2) 96MB 350MB Ethernet/Wifi*

*Networking is required to download additional packages while using the live image as well as to perform a network-based install

Flavours

Additional live images with flavours (an additional desktop environment with autologin) are also available. Here's a quick overview of the main components and applications included with each flavour:

Enlightenment Cinnamon LXDE LXQT MATE XFCE
Window Manager  ? Mutter (Muffin) Openbox Openbox Metacity (Marco) xfwm4
File Manager  ? Nemo PCManFM PCManFM-Qt Caja Thunar
Web browser Firefox ESR Firefox ESR Firefox ESR QupZilla Firefox ESR Firefox ESR
Terminal Terminology gnome-terminal LXTerminal QTerminal MATE terminal xfce4-Terminal
Document viewer - - - - Atril (PS/PDF) -
Plain text viewer - - - - Pluma Mousepad
Image viewer - - GPicView LXImage Eye of MATE Ristretto
Archive unpacker - - - - Engrampa -
Other Mixer, EConnMan (connection manager) LXTask (task manager), MIME type editor Screen grabber Screen grabber, file finder, MATE color picker, MATE font viewer, Disk usage analyzer, Power statistics, System monitor (task manager), Dictionary, Log file viewer Bulk rename, Orage Globaltime, Orage Calendar, Task Manager, Parole Media Player, Audio Mixer, MIME type editor, Application finder

Please note that the system requirements for these graphical live images are higher and will vary depending on which desktop environment you choose. Also, currently some images can be problematic:

Writing a live image to an USB drive

Please note that Void Linux ISOs are USB bootable by default, so you just need to write the image to the usb/cd/dvd drive with dd, no special tools are required.

First, identify your usb's current device name. At a plain shell prompt:

$ sudo fdisk -l

From the output, you might determine that the device name is /dev/sdc or otherwise, but for safety's sake, it will appear here as /dev/sdx.

Other utilities that could help identify the device name for your usb key include Parted(sudo parted -l may display your USB as UFD - USB flash drive), Disks (gnome-disk-utility) and lsblk.

Then, ensure that that device is unmounted. Change sdx in the following line to your usb's device name:

$ sudo umount /dev/sdx

Change to the directory where your .iso was downloaded to. For example:

$ cd /home/yourusername/Downloads
Warning: The following instruction will destroy data on whichever device is being referred to. Proceed with caution.

Change the following line to display the correct image name and correct device name. Note sdx; sdb2, sdc1, etc. would be incorrect as they refer to partitions.

$ sudo dd bs=4M if=void-live-x86_64-20170220-lxde.iso  of=/dev/sdx  && sync

From Windows onto a USB device

If you must use Windows to write the image and are looking for a GUI based app, USBWriter is proven to work on pendrives (USB sticks) and even SD cards. Most USB writers for Windows that promise to get the job done tend to mangle the data in such a way that the media isn't bootable at all.

From Linux/BSD/OS X/Windows onto a DVD/CD

Disk burning applications may be used to burn the .iso - not copy it as a single file - onto a DVD. Void Linux's base images may fit on larger CDs (image sizes are described above). Note: Response times during live sessions running from DVDs/CDs will be markedly slower than those running from a USB or hard drive.

From Linux, disk burning applications include xfburn, k3b and brasero.

Accounts

Live images include two accounts:

Username Password
root voidlinux
anon voidlinux

The anon account is a member of the wheel group, which allows you to run sudo to escalate privileges in order to run administrative commands.

To start the installer, run void-installer as root or sudo void-installer as anon.