Install alongside Arch Linux
This is a guide for installing Void Linux next to/alongside of Arch Linux. This guide assumes you already have and are familar/have access to the Arch Installation Guide/wiki.
First off you need to have a functioning arch installation, if you haven't already go and finish that. You should also probably grab a AUR helper for your Arch installation to make your life easier.
Verify boot mode
Its worth checking if you are currently booted in UEFI or BIOS mode, as you can't install a UEFI version of an OS with a system running BIOS (due to missing efi variables)
# ls /sys/firmware/efi/efivars
If this directory doesn't exist you are running with BIOS, likewise if it does exist you are currently booted using UEFI
Setting up the disks
Void only needs one partition, though it is recommeneded to have some swap lying around. Feel free to partition your disks however you like, the specifics don't matter much and as such won't be covered here, there are much better resources for the how such as the Arch Wiki for this information. The same goes for partitioning, which a simple ext4 partition will do.
Mounting is relativly simple to take care of, simply mount your drives to the relative locations for each mount point.
# mkdir -p /mnt/voidlinux # mount /dev/sda4 /mnt/voidlinux # swapon /dev/sda2 /mnt/voidlinux
We'll later take advantage of genfstab to generate the fstab
Install arch packages
Now that we are almost ready to install the base we will install the tools needed for the install. You'll need to install
xbps (Void's package manager) and
arch-install-scripts (Scripts such as genfstab and arch-chroot are a part of this package).
# pacman -S arch-install-scripts # <AUR-TOOL> xbps
Its recommended to use the fastest mirror for you, rather than using the default mirrors. Here's a list of current, offical mirrors XBPS#Official_Repositories. Anytime you see the default mirror used in this guide, simply replace it with the best mirror for you.
Now that we got everything setup and ready to go, its time to install Void. Currently there are two different "flavours" of void which each use a different C library.
This is the 30 year old C library provided by GNU, it has the most packages and best program compatibility as most programs are made/compiled against glibc.
# xbps-install -S -R https://alpha.de.repo.voidlinux.org/current/ -r /mnt/voidlinux base-system
xbps-installlocates the pkgdb in
/var/lib/xbpsto be in line with arch conventions. So after installing you have to manually move all the files in the install directory to
/var/db/xbps. Otherwise all the xbps tools will report no packages installed.
This is the new kid on the block. musl is a new standard library to power a new generation of Linux-based devices. musl is lightweight, fast, simple, free, and strives to be correct in the sense of standards-conformance and safety. This does come with the downside of not all programs being able to run and/or compile on musl, so use at your own risk.
XBPS_ARCHaccordingy, so that xbps-install fetches the files for the desired arch, see the manpage for details. Example
# export XBPS_ARCH=x86_64-musl # xbps-install -S -R https://alpha.de.repo.voidlinux.org/current/musl -r /mnt/voidlinux base-system
/muslat the end of the mirror, this is important if you want musl, as otherwise musl can NOT be installed. (You can append
/muslto then end of most mirrors without issue)
Now that we have the base system installed, we can chroot into our install and configure everything. We can also use the tools we installed earlier to make this process easier.
Since we can't exactly access arch tools in the chroot jail, we'll setup the fstab now.
# genfstab -U /mnt/voidlinux >> /mnt/voidlinux/etc/fstab
/mnt/voidlinux/etc/fstabin a text editor to ensure that everything is correct
# # See fstab(5). # # <file system> <dir> <type> <options> <dump> <pass> UUID=dcdd0c5a-020b-4167-a10d-cb81d71e2ae6 / ext4 rw,relatime,data=ordered 0 1 UUID=cfb8be30-1866-44a6-bdf5-60ced2a454f4 swap swap rw,noatime,discard 0 0 tmpfs /tmp tmpfs defaults,nosuid,nodev 0 0
# touch /mnt/voidlinux/etc/resolv.conf # arch-chroot /mnt/voidlinux
Verify installation is correct
Now we can check the directory structure to verify everything was installed correctly.
# ls -la
The directory structure should look something akin to this output.
total 12 drwxr-xr-x 16 root root 4096 Jan 17 15:27 . drwxr-xr-x 3 root root 4096 Jan 17 15:16 .. lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root 7 Jan 17 15:26 bin -> usr/bin drwxr-xr-x 4 root root 127 Jan 17 15:37 boot drwxr-xr-x 2 root root 17 Jan 17 15:26 dev drwxr-xr-x 26 root root 4096 Jan 17 15:27 etc drwxr-xr-x 2 root root 6 Jan 17 15:26 home lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root 7 Jan 17 15:26 lib -> usr/lib lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root 9 Jan 17 15:26 lib32 -> usr/lib32 lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root 7 Jan 17 15:26 lib64 -> usr/lib drwxr-xr-x 2 root root 6 Jan 17 15:26 media drwxr-xr-x 2 root root 6 Jan 17 15:26 mnt drwxr-xr-x 2 root root 6 Jan 17 15:26 opt drwxr-xr-x 2 root root 6 Jan 17 15:26 proc drwxr-x--- 2 root root 26 Jan 17 15:39 root drwxr-xr-x 3 root root 17 Jan 17 15:26 run lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root 8 Jan 17 15:26 sbin -> usr/sbin drwxr-xr-x 2 root root 6 Jan 17 15:26 sys drwxrwxrwt 2 root root 6 Jan 17 15:15 tmp drwxr-xr-x 11 root root 123 Jan 17 15:26 usr drwxr-xr-x 11 root root 150 Jan 17 15:26 var
Setting and checking root
Our next step is to change roots password.
# passwd root
And ensure root permissions are correct. (This should only be necessary if the above structure wasn't correct, otherwise you can skip this)
# chown root:root / # chmod 755 /
Setting up rc.conf and hostname
Create a hostname for this system.
# echo <HOSTNAME> > /etc/hostname
Now edit rc.conf to set some system wide settings.
# /etc/rc.conf - system configuration for void # Set the host name. # # NOTE: it's preferred to declare the hostname in /etc/hostname instead: # - echo myhost > /etc/hostname # HOSTNAME="<HOSTNAME>" # Set RTC to UTC or localtime. HARDWARECLOCK="UTC" # Set timezone, availables timezones at /usr/share/zoneinfo. TIMEZONE="America/Los_Angeles" # Keymap to load, see loadkeys(8). KEYMAP="us" # Console font to load, see setfont(8). #FONT="lat9w-16" # Console map to load, see setfont(8). #FONT_MAP= # Font unimap to load, see setfont(8). #FONT_UNIMAP= # Kernel modules to load, delimited by blanks. #MODULES=""
This next step only applies if you use glibc, otherwise you can move onto the next step. Select your locale by editing
... #en_NZ ISO-8859-1 #en_PH.UTF-8 UTF-8 #en_PH ISO-8859-1 #en_SG.UTF-8 UTF-8 #en_SG ISO-8859-1 en_US.UTF-8 UTF-8 #en_US ISO-8859-1 #en_ZA.UTF-8 UTF-8 #en_ZA ISO-8859-1 #en_ZM UTF-8 #en_ZW.UTF-8 UTF-8 #en_ZW ISO-8859-1 #es_AR.UTF-8 UTF-8 #es_AR ISO-8859-1 #es_BO.UTF-8 UTF-8 #es_BO ISO-8859-1 #es_CL.UTF-8 UTF-8 #es_CL ISO-8859-1 #es_CO.UTF-8 UTF-8 #es_CO ISO-8859-1 #es_CR.UTF-8 UTF-8 #es_CR ISO-8859-1 #es_CU UTF-8 ...
Now that we've established our locale, we need to reconfigure the
glibc-locales package for our locale
# xbps-reconfigure -f glibc-locales
We now want to setup dracut and we'll start by creating some dracut configs.
# touch /etc/dracut.conf.d/default.conf
# Sample dracut config file # build initrd only to boot current hardware hostonly="yes" # set the directory for temporary files # default: /var/tmp tmpdir=/tmp
This sets up a fairly default config for dracut, if you are wanting to change/read through other options checkout the dracut wiki page.
Now we want to check
/lib/modules to get the kernel version.
# cd /lib/modules # ls -la
This will return something akin to:
drwxr-xr-x 3 root root 21 Jan 13 17:47 . drwxr-xr-x 23 root root 8192 Jan 13 17:47 .. drwxr-xr-x 3 root root 4096 Jan 13 17:47 4.14.13_1
Seeing that our current kernel version is
4.14.13_1 (as of writing) we can remake the initramfs since we changed the dracut config.
# dracut --force --kver 4.14.13_1
Now that Void is installed you can exit the chroot, tell your boot manager where to find Void, unmount partitions, and reboot.
# exit # grub-mkconfig -o /boot/grub/grub.cfg # or however your boot manager reloads its config for a new OS # umount -R /mnt/voidlinux
Void is different than Arch (duh) and therefore not everything is the same. Familiarise yourself with xbps and xbps-src, Runit is simpler and operates differently from systemd. Also check out the Post Installation article from where to head from here.
If GRUB cannot be found (a note about UEFI)
Void's Grub install, by default, installs the *.efi file as
However, some UEFI implementations look for the file by a different name, and in a different subdirectory.
grubx64.efi to another location, expected by some implementations:
mkdir /boot/efi/EFI/BOOT cp -p /boot/efi/EFI/GRUB/grubx64.efi /boot/efi/EFI/BOOT/BOOTX64.efi
Alternatively, some implementations are case-sensitive, and seek the same file, with a lower-case name:
mkdir /boot/efi/EFI/BOOT cp -p /boot/efi/EFI/GRUB/grubx64.efi /boot/efi/EFI/BOOT/bootx64.efi